While switching from Windows to Mac, we being a Mac beginner always wonder what are these symbols: ⇧, ⌥, ⌃ etc. that are showing up in Keyboard shortcuts. For example, In the screenshot below, we have keyboard shortcuts of chrome browser. So, in order to learn the keyboard shortcuts you must consider getting familiar with the keyboard symbols first and then master the keyboard shortcuts to do cool things in Mac (we will cover that part later in this post after symbols topic).
Mac Keyboard symbols and their corresponding keys
Now that we have learned Mac Symbols, you can easily understand the keyboard shortcut by reading it in symbols. For example, clear chrome browser history shortcut shows these symbols ⇧⌘⌫ that means the keyboard shortcut for this is:
Useful Keyboard Shortcuts in Mac OS X
Now that we have learned Mac Symbols. Lets see some useful keyboard shortcuts –
Keyboard shortcuts for taking screenshot
command+ shift+ 3Capture full screen and save as a .png file on desktop command+ ctrl+ shift+ 3Copy full screen to the clipboard so you can paste it anywhere you like. command+ shift+ 4The pointer changes to crosshair, select the area, only selected area would be captured as a .png file on desktop. command+ ctrl+ shift+ 4Same as above but it would copy the selected area as an image to the clipboard command+ shift+ 4then press space, the pointer would change to a camera. hover the camera over a window and click on it to get the it captured as an image command+ ctrl+ shift+ 4same as above but it would copy it to clipboard
Suggestion during typing
While typing press
Useful Finder shortcuts
- When inside Finder, hitting
spacewould launch item info for the selected item. command+ option+ STo show/hide sidebar in Finder command+ control+ TTo add the selected folder to the Finder sidebar command+ IGet info panel for the selected item.
Spotlight search shortcuts
command+ spacebrings the spotlight search and same combination closes it out, alternatively you can press esctwice to exit spotlight. escclears the spotlight search. command+ bopens up a browser tab and searches the text you typed in spotlight search filed in the web. This obviously won’t work if you have typed nothing in spotlight.
Program Preferences shortcuts
command+ ,Opens up the preferences of the current main program on your Mac. option+ F1 or F2Opens up brightness preferences option+ F5 or F6Opens up keyboard brightness preferences option+ F11 or F12Opens up volume preferences
Note: You do not need to remember the functional keys, you need for what purpose they are used for? For e.g. F1 and F2 keys handle system brightness so pressing them along with
deleteGo back to previous page command+ RReloads current webpage command+ FOpens search bar in chrome command+ DBookmark the current webpage command+ ,Opens chrome setting/preference page command+ NOpens new chrome window command+ TOpens new chrome tab command+ Wclose current chrome tab
Preview app shortcuts
command+ +Zoom in command+ –Zoom out command+ 9Zoom to fit the window command+ 0Zoom to actual size of image
Open/Save dialog shortcuts
command+ DOpens the desktop folder. command+ shift+ >show/hide hidden files in the dialog